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Goiana is a city in Brazil in the northeast of the state of Pernambuco, about 65 km north of the city of Recife.LocationIt is built on a fertile plain between the rivers Tracunhaém and Capibaribe mirim near their junction to form the Goiana River, and is 25 km from the coast. It the easternmost city in Pernambuco, and the northernmost coastal city of the state. It is surrounded by, and is the commercial centre for, one of the richest agricultural districts of the state, which produces sugar, rum, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cattle, hides and castor oil. Goiana is one of the oldest towns of the state, and was occupied by the Dutch from 1636 to 1654.The municipality contains most of the Acaú-Goiana Extractive Reserve, a sustainable use conservation unit created in 2007.HistoryOriginally occupied by Indians Caetés and potiguaras, the town of Clonmel led is one of the oldest centers of settlement of the region and has at various times, seat of the captaincy.The village was elevated to a parish in 1568 when Dias Diogo, a Christian of many new possessions, bought from D. Jerome de Albuquerque Sousa 10 thousand fathoms of land near the present city of Goiana, then Captaincy of Itamaracá, establishing a fortified ingenuity in the Valley of the Rio Tracunhaém. This has been the settler attack on the ingenuity Tracunhaém in 1574, in which Indians potiguara he exterminated the entire population of ingenuity. This episode caused the extinction of captaincy of Itamaracá and the creation of captaincy of Nova Paraíba.
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