Forte de Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro

Fort Copacabana is a military base at the south end of the beach that defines the district of Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro. The base is open to the public and contains the Museu Histórico do Exército (Army Historical Museum) and a coastal defense fort that is the actual Fort Copacabana.HistoryThe fort is built on a headland that originally contained a small chapel holding a replica of the Virgen de Copacabana, the patron saint of Bolivia. In 1908 the Brazilian army started to build a modern coastal defense fort on the headland to protect both the beach of Copacabana and the entrance to the harbour of Rio de Janeiro. The fort, completed in 1914, consists of two armoured cupolas, one holding a pair of 305mm Krupp cannons, and the other a pair of 190mm Krupp cannons.The name of the turret with the 305mm guns is "Duque de Caxias", and the guns are named "Barroso" and "Osório". This cupola is behind and above that of the 190 mm guns so that it can fire over them. The 305 mm Krupp guns could fire a shell of some 445kg a distance of up to 23km. The name of the cupola with the 190 mm guns is "André Vidal". These guns could fire from 200m to 18.2km.The fort also has two small retractable casements on the flanks, each of which held a 75mm quick-firing gun with a 180° traverse and a range of 7km. Unlike the large Krupp guns, these 75 mm guns are no longer in place. The north casement is named "Antônio João" and the south casement is named "Ricardo Franco".On 5 July 1922, the fort was the centre point of the 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt. It was the first revolt of the tenentista movement, in the context of the Brazilian Old Republic. The rebellious officers turned the fort's guns on Rio de Janeiro. To suppress the revolt, the government brought the battleships São Paulo and Minas Geraes. On 6 July São Paulo bombarded the fort, firing five salvos and obtaining at least two hits; the fort surrendered half an hour later. Minas Geraes did not fire.
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Forte de Copacabana Reviews

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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
916 reviews
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4.7
TripAdvisor
  • We visited the outside of the fort, there are lovely charming little restaurants with magnificent views of Copacabana, friendly service  more »
  • Besides being able to see the fort with the entrance fee (7 real) there's also some interesting museums. There's some nice cafes as well . They are a bit expensive though.  more »
Google
  • Wonderful historical forte
  • Skow

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