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Mértola is a municipality in southeastern Portuguese Alentejo near the Spanish border. In 2011, the population was 7,274, in an area of approximately 1292.87km2: it is the sixth-largest municipality in Portugal. Meanwile, it is the second-lowest population centre by density with approximately 5.62 persons/1km2 (second to the adjacent Alcoutim).The seat of the municipality is the town of Mértola, which has around 2800 inhabitants (2011), located on a hill over the Guadiana River. Its strategic location made it an important fluvial commercial port in Classical Antiquity, through the period of Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Mértola's main church (the Church of Nossa Senhora da Anunciação) was the only medieval mosque to have survived the period in Portugal.HistoryDuring Classical Antiquity, Mértola was inhabited by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and finally the Romans, who called it Myrtilis Iulia. The strategic location of Mértola, on a hill by the northernmost navigable part of the Guadiana river, was crucial in its early development. Agricultural products grown in the villae nearby and valuable minerals (silver, gold and tin) obtained from the lower Alentejo region were sent from the fluvial port of Mértola via the Guadiana to Southern Hispania and the Mediterranean. Between 1st and 2nd century, Myrtilis, was part of the larger Pacensis region (under the capital Beja/Pax Julia), acquired a great importance, as a dynamic commercial centre, permitting it to mint its own coin.. The town was raised to the status of a Municipium in times of Emperor Augustus and was connected to important Roman cities (Beja, Évora) through a road system.Mertola is in Beja District. Our Portugal online road trip planner allows you to schedule your trip to Mertola, learn about its attractions, and find out about where else to go during your holiday.
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Top Mertola tours
One Way Algarve to Lisbon, through the Museum-city Evora and Alentejo Landscape BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $310
Duration: 8 hours
One Way Lisbon to Algarve, through the Museum-city Evora and Alentejo Landscape BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $319
Duration: 8 hours
Fatima Day Tour from Algarve BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $59
Duration: 12 to 13 hours
Popular things to do in Mertola
Side trips from Mertola
Hidden gems in Mertola
Historic Sites in Mertola
Museums in Mertola
Duration: 2 hours
Duration: 2 hours
Neighborhoods in Mertola
Duration: 1h 30 min
Places to visit with Mertola
Recently planned trips to Mertola
13 days in Rota do Guadiana BY SOS VIAGEM July, kids, culture, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, slow & easy, popular sights Preferences: July, kids, culture, relaxing, beaches, historic sites Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Slow & easy 8 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL July, outdoors, relaxing, hidden gems Preferences: July, outdoors, relaxing Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Medium 16 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL July, outdoors, hidden gems Preferences: July, outdoors Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Medium 50 days in Portugal BY A USER FROM CANADA April, popular sights Preferences: April Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 25 days in Mertola BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL November, popular sights Preferences: November Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 15 days in Portugal BY A USER FROM BELGIUM October, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, wildlife, popular & hidden gems Preferences: October, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, wildlife Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Medium