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Trip Planner Europe  /  Portugal  /  Alentejo  /  Beja District  /  Mertola

Mertola

4.4
Castles · Bodies of Water · Outdoor Activities
Mértola is a municipality in southeastern Portuguese Alentejo near the Spanish border. In 2011, the population was 7,274, in an area of approximately 1292.87km2: it is the sixth-largest municipality in Portugal. Meanwile, it is the second-lowest population centre by density with approximately 5.62 persons/1km2 (second to the adjacent Alcoutim).The seat of the municipality is the town of Mértola, which has around 2800 inhabitants (2011), located on a hill over the Guadiana River. Its strategic location made it an important fluvial commercial port in Classical Antiquity, through the period of Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Mértola's main church (the Church of Nossa Senhora da Anunciação) was the only medieval mosque to have survived the period in Portugal.HistoryDuring Classical Antiquity, Mértola was inhabited by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and finally the Romans, who called it Myrtilis Iulia. The strategic location of Mértola, on a hill by the northernmost navigable part of the Guadiana river, was crucial in its early development. Agricultural products grown in the villae nearby and valuable minerals (silver, gold and tin) obtained from the lower Alentejo region were sent from the fluvial port of Mértola via the Guadiana to Southern Hispania and the Mediterranean. Between 1st and 2nd century, Myrtilis, was part of the larger Pacensis region (under the capital Beja/Pax Julia), acquired a great importance, as a dynamic commercial centre, permitting it to mint its own coin.. The town was raised to the status of a Municipium in times of Emperor Augustus and was connected to important Roman cities (Beja, Évora) through a road system.
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Popular things to do in Mertola

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Parque Natural do Vale do Guadiana ©
Park
Parque Natural do Vale do Guadiana
4.6
Duration: 2 hours
Castelo de Mertola ©
Castle
Castelo de Mertola
4.5
Duration: 2 hours
Praia Fluvial da Mina de Sao Domingos
Outdoor Activity
Praia Fluvial da Mina de Sao Domingos
4.4
Duration: 2 hours
Pulo do Lobo ©
Water Body
Pulo do Lobo
4.3
Duration: 2 hours

Side trips from Mertola

Praia Fluvial do Pego Fundo ©
Beach
Praia Fluvial do Pego Fundo Alcoutim
4.2
Duration: 4 hours
Museu do Relogio ©
Specialty Museum
Museu do Relogio Serpa
4.4
Duration: 2 hours
Archaeological Museum
History Museum
Archaeological Museum Alcoutim
3.9
Duration: 2 hours

Museums in Mertola

Basilica Paleocrista de Mertola ©
Specialty Museum
Basilica Paleocrista de Mertola
4.7
Duration: 2 hours
Museu de Mertola ©
Specialty Museum
Museu de Mertola
4.7
Duration: 2 hours
Museu de Arqueologia de Mertola - Campo Arqueologico ©
Specialty Museum
Museu de Arqueologia de Mertola - Campo Arqueologico
4.5
Duration: 2 hours
Casa Romana - Nucleo Romano
Specialty Museum
Casa Romana - Nucleo Romano
5.0
Duration: 2 hours

Historic Sites in Mertola

Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Anunciacao ©
Church
Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Anunciacao
4.4
Duration: 2 hours
Alcacova do Castelo ©
Ruin
Alcacova do Castelo
4.3
Duration: 30 minutes
Ponte de Mertola / Torre do Rio ©
Historic Site
Ponte de Mertola / Torre do Rio
4.3
Duration: 30 minutes

Neighborhoods in Mertola

Pomarao ©
Neighborhood
Pomarao
3.9
Duration: 1h 30 min

Places to visit with Mertola

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