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Viana do Castelo
Viana do Castelo is a municipality and seat of the district of Viana do Castelo in the Norte Region of Portugal. The population in 2011 was 88,725, in an area of 319.02 km². The urbanized area of the municipality, comprising the city, has a population of approximately 36,148 inhabitants.HistoryHuman settlement in the region of Viana began during the Mesolithic era, from discoveries and archaeological excavations. Even around the Roman occupation the area was settled along the Mount of Santa Luzia.The settlement of Viana da Foz do Lima, which it was called when King Afonso III of Portugal issued a foral (charter) on 18 July 1258, was a formalization of the 1253 Viana that the area was named.In the 16th century, its port gained great importance as one of the entry-points for Portuguese explorers and traders, involved in the Portuguese discoveries. Many of the historical buildings originated during this period.The prosperity that continued developed from the town's role as a port, protected by defensive structures (such as the Tower of Roqueta) to repel pirates from Galicia and north Africa. The port's ties to northern Europe came primarily from exports of wine, fruits and salt, and imports of tile, textiles and glass.After the maritime discoveries and trade, the commercial life of Viana reached its greatest proportions during the reign of Queen Maria II of Portugal, when the monarch established the Associação Comercial de Viana do Castelo in 1852 (the fourth oldest public company of its type). The queen, in order to reward the loyalty of its citizens, who did not surrender to the Count of Antas, elevated the town to the status of city on 20 January 1848, renaming the settlement with its current name. Viana do Castelo is in Viana do Castelo District. Add Viana do Castelo and other destinations in Portugal to your travel plans using our Portugal tour itinerary maker.
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Top Viana do Castelo tours
Santiago de Compostela and Valença do Minho Day Trip from Porto with Lunch BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $124
Duration: 11 hours
Nature, Gerês and Braga Waterfalls Small Group Tour with Lunch and Tastings BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $91
Duration: 9 hours
4x4 to waterfalls, lagoons & old village in Gerês Park with Lunch Included BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $96
Duration: 10 to 11 hours
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16 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM GERMANY July, historic sites, museums, popular sights PREFERENCES: July, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 13 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES July, teens, kids, popular sights PREFERENCES: July, teens, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 13 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM CANADA April, popular sights PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 14 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM ROMANIA July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 4 days in Viana do Castelo BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA April, popular sights PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 4 days in Viana do Castelo BY A USER FROM CANADA August, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, popular sights PREFERENCES: August, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium