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Sulina is a town and free port in Tulcea County, Romania, at the mouth of the Sulina branch of the Danube. It is the easternmost point of Romania.HistoryDuring the mid-Byzantine period Sulina was a small cove and in the 14th century a Genoese port inhabited by a handful of sailors, pirates and fishermen. In 18th century the Ottomans built a lighthouse there in order to accommodate communication between Constantinople (Istanbul) and the Danubian Principalities, the main breadbaskets for the Ottoman capital.Thanks to the signing of the Treaty of Adrianoupolis (Edirne), September 2, 1829, that unfettered the Danube grain trade, Sulina, by then under Russian control, became important. Great sailing boats could not sail fully loaded to Brăila and Galaţi, which were the main export centres of Wallachia and Moldavia, because of the shallow waters of the river; therefore, they had to tranship at least part of their cargoes to smaller riverboats (shleps). The owners and crew of these sleps were almost always Greek.Even greater development, however, would occur after the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1856), which ended the Crimean War. One of the treaty’s terms determined the establishment of a certain committee, the Danube European Committee(C.E.D.), which would conduct infrastructure works on the mouth of the river in order to make it floatable for larger ships as well. The technical works allowed entrance to the Danube for a great number of “foreign”, i.e. non-Greek ships, leading to a higher level of competition. River faring, however, largely remained in Greek hands. Moreover, the declaration by the Ottoman administration of Sulina as a free port in 1870 also boosted its development.Sulina is in Tulcea County. Add Sulina and other destinations in Romania to your travel plans using our Romania travel route builder website .
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Top Sulina tours
Private 3-Day Tour Danube Delta Birdwaching and Safari Experience from Bucharest BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $701
Duration: 3 days
Safari Experience in the Danube Delta BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $1,287
Duration: 4 days
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8 days in Sulina BY A USER FROM GREECE October, popular sights PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 27 days in Southeast Romania BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES August, popular sights PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 4 days in Romania BY A USER FROM ROMANIA March, outdoors, popular sights PREFERENCES: March, outdoors ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 21 days in Tulcea County, Transylvania & Maramures County BY A USER FROM ROMANIA March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 54 days in Danube Countries & Istanbul BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA October, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, shopping, popular sights PREFERENCES: October, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 6 days in Sulina BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES August, teens, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, teens, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium