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Alkmaar is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Alkmaar is well known for its traditional cheese market. For tourists, it is a popular cultural destination.HistoryThe earliest mention of the name Alkmaar is in a 10th-century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from inundation during medieval times. Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence.In 1573 the city underwent a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Don Fadrique, son of the Duke of Alva. The citizens sent urgent messages for help to the Prince of Orange; he responded by promising to open the floodgates of the dykes and flood the region if the need arose, which despite the protestations of the peasantry, fearful for their harvest, he proceeded to do. Some of his dispatches fell into the hands of Don Fadrique, and, with the waters beginning to rise, the Spaniards raised the siege and fled. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar begint de victorie ("Victory begins at Alkmaar"). The event is still celebrated every year in Alkmaar on 8 October, the day the siege ended.Alkmaar is in North Holland Province. Use our The Netherlands trip maker to arrange your visit to Alkmaar and other destinations in The Netherlands.
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Top tours near Alkmaar
I amsterdam Card - City Pass for Amsterdam BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $72
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Charm of Holland - All-inclusive Countryside & Windmills Day Trip from Amsterdam BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $131
Duration: 8 hours
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38 days in Europe BY A USER FROM THAILAND June, culture, relaxing, museums, shopping, popular & hidden gems Preferences: June, culture, relaxing, museums, shopping Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Medium 3 days in Alkmaar BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM April, popular sights Preferences: April Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 6 days in The Netherlands BY A USER FROM CANADA March, popular sights Preferences: March Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 5 days in Alkmaar BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA May, popular sights Preferences: May Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 13 days in The Netherlands BY A USER FROM CANADA April, popular sights Preferences: April Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 1 day in Alkmaar BY A USER FROM ARGENTINA May, popular sights Preferences: May Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium