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Elko is the largest city and county seat of Elko County, Nevada, United States. The population was 18,297 at the 2010 census. The city straddles the Humboldt River.Elko is the principal city of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Elko and Eureka counties. It is the largest city for over 225mi in all directions, making it, as its city motto states, "The Heart of Northeast Nevada".It is home to Great Basin College, as well as to the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office serving most of northern and central Nevada.HistoryThough Elko lies along the route of the historic California Trail, it was first inhabited only in 1868, when it was at the east end of the railroad tracks built by the Central Pacific Railroad (the portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad built from California to Utah). When the railroad crews moved on, Elko remained, serving as a center for ranching, mining, rail freight and general supplies.Elko is said to have been named by Charles Crocker, a superintendent of the Central Pacific Railroad. He was especially fond of animal names and added the letter "o" to Elk. There is no definitive evidence of this naming history, but it has become the widely accepted version.Elko is in Nevada. Our United States road trip app allows you to schedule your trip to Elko, learn about its attractions, and find out about where else to go during your holiday.
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